Common bash commands

typing this at the promptdoes this
tar -xvzf [fileName.tar.gz]
unzip a .tar file
standard would be ls and ls -l, but lsd and lsd -l is way better 🙂
list all files and folders in your working diretory with info on permissions
standard would be du -a -h --max-depth=1 | sort -hr, but dust is way better 🙂
lists all files and folders in your working directory sorted by size
standard would be du -sh *, but dust is way better 🙂
simpler version of the command above. lists all files in a folder and shows their file size
standard would be df -h, but duf is way better 🙂
view free/used disk space by drive
ls -l | wc -l
counts files in a directory
tree -d, but broot is way better 🙂
lists all files and folders in your working directory as a tree structure
lists drives and their size (as well as used/free space on each)
pressing up arrow
recalls previous command
cd /
takes you to the root directory
cd ~
takes you to your home directory
cd ..
takes you up one level in your file directory
cd ../..
takes you up two levels in your file directory
chmod u+x [fileName]
edits permissions on file
chown [yourUserName] [fileName]
makes you the owner of a file
chgrp [yourUserName] [fileName]
assigns you as the group for the file
rm -rf [directoryName]
removes a folder and all of its contents
wget [URLtoFile]
downloads a file from a website
defaults write AppleShowAllFiles YES
show all hidden files in the finder (Mac only)
pip freeze
lists all the python packages (and their versions) installed on the server
sudo nano /etc/profile
opens up the system profile where new program paths can be added to the system PATH
export PATH="/path/to/your/software/:$PATH"
add a new piece of software to the system PATH so it is executable from anywhere
alias something="something else"
add lines like this to your ~/.bash_profile to create a keyboard shortcut, in this case typing 'something' actually does 'something else'
progress or watch progress
displays the progress of file manipulation jobs (e.g. from cp, mv, etc)